Top 5 Professional Occupations
|Top 5 Professional Occupations|
|Primary School Teachers||147,500|
|Secondary School Teachers||134,000|
|Software and Applications Programmers||98,300|
Top 5 Employing Industries
|Top 5 Employing Industries|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||22.9%|
|Education and Training||22.0%|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Services||20.4%|
|Public Administration and Safety||6.7%|
|Finance and Insurance Services||5.7%|
Professionals is a diverse and highly skilled group, covering a broad range of occupations including those specialising in medicine and health, engineering, teaching and law. Professionals work in every industry but three industries, Health Care and Social Assistance, Education and Training and Professional, Scientific and Technical Services together employ almost two thirds of all Professionals.
One in every four Australian workers is a Professional, making this the largest employing occupation group. It also provided the largest number of new jobs over the five years to November 2015 (up by 322,500 or 13.4%), with Health Professionals accounting for one in three new jobs. Employment fell, though, for Design, Engineering, Science and Transport Professionals (down by 3.2% or 12,100).
This group is expected to dominate future employment growth, with 396,400 new Professional jobs expected to be created over the five years to November 2020. The largest numbers of jobs are projected for Health Professionals (up by 125,100).
The vast majority of occupations in this group require study at university and attainment of a bachelor degree or higher, with 74% of Professionals holding this level of qualification.
Not only has demand increased for these occupations, there has also been a rise in potential new supply, with strong growth in university enrolments over recent years and in the number of people completing a bachelor degree. In some Professional occupations, there is now strong applicant competition for graduate level positions and more than adequate supplies of qualified workers. Consistent with this, bachelor degree graduate employment outcomes have fallen over recent years.
Women have a large share of Professional jobs (54%), although there is some variation across subgroups. They comprise 74% of Health Professionals but just 18% of ICT Professionals.
Professionals are more likely to work full-time than other workers. Around a quarter of Professional jobs are in regional areas, the lowest proportion of any occupation group. Nonetheless, due to the large size of this group, there are around 650,000 Professional jobs in regional Australia.
Relatively few Professionals are aged 15 to 24 years, likely reflecting the time taken to train for these occupations after completing school. There are, though, about 190,000 Professionals in this age group, with 20,400 Registered Nurses, 17,400 Accountants and 10,200 Primary School Teachers.
Educational attainment, Professionals (% of occupation total)
Age profile, Professionals (% of occupation total)
Employment by occupation subgroup, Professionals
|Employment||Employment Profile||Projected Employment|
|Employ't Nov 2015||5 year change to Nov 2015||Female||Aged 15 to 24 years||Aged 45 years and over||5 year change to Nov 2020|
|Arts and Media Professionals||104.6||16.3||18.4||45||12||37||11.6||11.1|
|Business, Human Resource and Marketing Professionals||648.3||69.9||12.1||49||7||34||92.9||14.3|
|Design, Engineering, Science and Transport Professionals||367.6||-12.1||-3.2||28||8||34||22.5||6.1|
|Legal, Social and Welfare Professionals||214.9||24.6||12.9||62||4||42||35.8||16.7|
1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add
Sources: ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Education and Work; Department of Education and Training, Higher Education Student Data Collection; Department of Employment, Occupational Employment Projections; Department of Employment, Skill Shortage Research; Graduate Careers Australia, GradStats 2015