This image shows that there were 1,581,600 Managers as at November 2018, up 7.6% since November 2013. Employment is projected to grow by 7.0% over the five years to May 2023.
32% of jobs are regional. 4% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 34% of workers are self-employed. 37% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 33% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 4% of workers hold an other qualification. 26% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.

Annual employment growth (%), Managers

Managers plan, organise, control and coordinate the operations of government, commercial and other organisations. Most Managers work full-time (86%). Employment has risen by 7.6% over the past five years. Around 112,000 new Manager jobs were created in this period, with the largest numbers being for

  • Construction Managers (up by 26,700)
  • Supply, Distribution and Procurement Managers (22,100)
  • Conference and Event Organisers (13,700).

In which industries do managers work?

Managers work in every industry, but the largest share is in Retail Trade (13%). Other major employing industries include Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (11%), Accommodation and Food Services (10%) and Manufacturing (9%).

Some Manager occupations are concentrated in specific industries. For example, Café and Restaurant Managers are mainly employed in Accommodation and Food Services. For other Manager occupations, such as General Managers and Human Resource Managers, employment is spread widely across all industries.

Are qualifications or experience required?

This is a relatively skilled group, as Managers generally hold senior positions, taking responsibility for staff and operations. Consequently, qualifications and experience are usually required, although sometimes significant on-the-job experience is enough. 

  • The majority of Managers hold post-school qualifications, although this is less common for Farmers and Farm Managers and Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers.
  • The need for significant workplace experience is reflected in the age profile of the workforce. Half of all Managers are aged 45 years or older. Just 4% are aged 15 to 24 years, although there are more opportunities for young people in Hospitality, Retail  and Service Manager roles (accounting for 9% of this group).

Are there job opportunities?

The number of vacancies advertised on the Internet for Managers has increased steadily since 2013 but remains below the peak in 2008. Vacancies, though, are not always advertised online. Some are filled by the promotion of existing workers, some are advertised in other ways and many are filled by word of mouth or head hunting.

Will there be future opportunities?

Mangers often perform a range of non-routine, cognitive duties (such as problem solving) which are less susceptible to automation with technology. Employment of these workers is projected to grow by 7.0% over the five years to May 2023 (similar to the projected growth across all occupations).

Top employing occupations, Managers

Top employing occupations
Occupation Number
Retail Managers 240,700
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers 141,200
Construction Managers 104,500
Livestock Farmers 80,800
Other Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers 71,100
Chief Executives and Managing Directors 66,700
Cafe and Restaurant Managers 65,500
Finance Managers 57,700
Human Resource Managers 55,900
Production Managers 55,400
General Managers 52,000
ICT Managers 51,600
Other Specialist Managers 50,900
Supply, Distribution and Procurement Managers 49,600
Crop Farmers 38,400
Conference and Event Organisers 37,600
Call or Contact Centre and Customer Service Managers 34,700
Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers 33,300
Manufacturers 28,800
Health and Welfare Services Managers 28,200

Employment by occupation subgroup, Managers

Employment by occupation subgroup, Managers
Occupation subgroup Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
Employ’t Nov 2018  5 year change
to Nov 2018
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2023
‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Chief Executives, General Managers and Legislators 120.5 2.5 2.1 13 30 1 30 46 25 23 4.4
Farmers and Farm Managers 166.0 2.6 1.6 23 26 3 54 12 32 47 -2.8
Specialist Managers 771.6 112.0 17.0 11 35 3 22 48 32 17 10.6
Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers 525.7 31.9 6.5 16 44 9 20 24 36 35 5.3
All Managers1 1,581.6 112.0 7.6 14 37 4 25 37 33 26 7.0

1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Education and Work; ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; Department of Jobs and Small Business, Occupation Employment Projections; Department of Jobs and Small Business, Internet Vacancy Index

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