Western Australia is the fourth largest employing state, with 1,351,700 workers. Employment is highly concentrated in Perth, with more than three quarters of workers located in the capital, although some fly-in/fly-out to regional areas.
Underpinned by the resources boom, employment in Western Australia grew by 11.0% or 133,900 over the five years to November 2015, well above the national average growth rate (6.4%). Over the last year, however, employment growth slowed to just 0.3% adding 4,700 jobs, the weakest of any state or territory. Over the five years to November 2020, employment is expected to rise by 6.9%.
Employment growth over the past five years has been shared relatively evenly between females (up by 63,700 or 11.9%) and males (70,200 or 10.3%). Women, though, comprise just 44% of state employment, the lowest proportion of any jurisdiction.
Employment increased in all but four of the 19 industries over the five years to November 2015. The largest numbers of new jobs were created in Health Care and Social Assistance (up by 39,200), Construction (22,300) and Accommodation and Food Services (20,500).
Western Australia has 42% of all Mining jobs and this industry accounts for 7% of the state’s workforce, but employment has declined by 10,900 or 10.1% over the past two years and further falls are expected.
Workers in this state are generally employed full-time (71%).
The state’s workforce has relatively low educational attainment. One third of workers do not hold a post-school qualification and those who have completed post-school education are more likely to hold a certificate III or higher vocational education and training (VET) qualification than a bachelor degree or higher.
Youth (15 to 24 years) comprise 15% of the state’s workers and four in five of these workers are employed in Perth.
Educational attainment, Western Australia (% of workforce)
Age profile, Western Australia (% of workforce)
Employment projections by region, Western Australia, five years to November 2020 (% change)
Employment by industry, Western Australia
|Employ’t Nov 2015||Share of total||5 year change to Nov 2015|
|Accommodation and Food Services||89.2||7||20.5||29.8|
|Administrative and Support Services||46.4||3||6.1||15.1|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||26.1||2||-14.2||-35.3|
|Arts and Recreation Services||25.8||2||5.7||28.5|
|Education and Training||98.4||7||3.4||3.6|
|Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services||14.5||1||-2.6||-15.1|
|Financial and Insurance Services||32.4||2||2.3||7.8|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||156.1||12||39.2||33.5|
|Information Media and Telecommunications||15.0||1||0.8||5.6|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Services||105.5||8||17.0||19.1|
|Public Administration and Safety||80.5||6||7.7||10.5|
|Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services||26.8||2||4.5||20.4|
|Transport, Postal and Warehousing||73.3||5||15.3||26.4|
Employment by region, Western Australia
|Employment||Employment Profile||Projected Employment|
|Employ’t Nov 2015||Share of state total||5 year change to Nov 2015||Part-time||Female||5 year change to Nov 2020|
|Western Australia - Outback||136.5||10||17.0||14.2||17||39||1.4||1.0|
|Western Australia - Wheat Belt||61.3||5||-1.5||-2.5||32||44||0.6||0.9|
1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add
Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Education and Work; Department of Employment, Regional Employment Projections
For more information see lmip.gov.au