South Australia

 22% of jobs are regional. 15% of workers are aged 15 to 24 years. 17% of workers are self-employed. 28% of workers hold a bachelor degree or higher. 31% of workers hold a certificate 3 or higher qualification. 5% of workers hold an other qualification. 36% of workers do not hold a post-school qualification.
This image shows that there were 843,700 people employed in Victoria as at November 2018, up 5.7% since November 2013. Employment is projected to grow by 4.5% over the five years to May 2023.

South Australia has a relatively small workforce, with around 7% of national employment. Employment is concentrated in Adelaide, which accounts for 78% of state employment.

Over the past five years, employment growth in South Australia was below the national average. During this period, however, employment grew across most industries, with the largest numbers of jobs added in

  • Health Care and Social Assistance (up by 13,300) 
  • Accommodation and Food Services (13,000). 

The largest fall in employment over the past five years was in Manufacturing (down by 6,800, or 8.4%). Manufacturing employment has fallen for much of the past five years but has recovered recently, with strong growth over the past year offsetting some of the previous falls.

South Australian workers are less likely to hold post-school qualifications than workers nationally. A higher share of workers in this state hold a certificate III or higher vocational qualification (31%) than those who have a bachelor degree or higher (28%).

Current conditions (to January 2019)

Labour market conditions in South Australia have been relatively soft over the past year, with employment increasing by just 1,600 (or 0.2%). Full-time employment has risen solidly, up by 10,100 (or 1.9%) over the period, while part-time employment has decreased by 8,600 (or 2.9%). The state’s unemployment rate has increased by 0.4 percentage points over the year to 6.3% in January 2019, well above the national rate of 5.0%. The participation rate has fallen by 0.1 percentage points to 62.6%, well below the national rate of 65.7%.

Conditions for youth in South Australia have improved over the year, with youth employment increasing by 9,500 (or 8.0%). The youth unemployment rate has declined by 3.2 percentage points to 12.7% in January 2019, although it remains above the national rate of 11.5%.

Outlook

The short-term outlook for the South Australian economy is for some improvement. The South Australian Department of Treasury and Finance has forecast employment growth of 1% in 2019-20. Over the five years to May 2023, employment in South Australia is projected to increase by 4.5% (compared with 7.1% growth projected nationally).

Top employing industries

Top employing industries
Employ’t Nov 2018  Share of total 5 year change to Nov 2018
Industries  '000 %  '000 %
Health Care and Social Assistance 125.6 15 13.3 11.8
Retail Trade 85.7 10 -5.3 -5.9
Manufacturing 73.9 9 -6.8 -8.4
Construction 70.7 8 5.1 7.7
Accommodation and Food Services 64.4 8 13.0 25.2
Education and Training 61.2 7 -2.0 -3.2
Public Administration and Safety 61.2 7 6.0 10.9
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 48.8 6 3.2 7.0
Transport, Postal and Warehousing 39.0 5 1.2 3.0
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 38.6 5 1.6 4.4
Other Services 32.0 4 1.3 4.3
Administrative and Support Services 28.8 3 1.0 3.6
Financial and Insurance Services 25.2 3 3.7 17.2
Wholesale Trade 21.8 3 -3.4 -13.3
Arts and Recreation Services 15.4 2 3.9 34.1
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services 13.4 2 3.8 39.8
Mining 12.4 1 -0.2 -1.5
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services 12.0 1 1.7 16.5
Information Media and Telecommunications 11.1 1 0.2 1.9

Employment by region, South Australia

Employment by region, South Australia
Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
Employ’t Nov 2018  5 year change
to Nov 2018
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2023
Region ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Greater Adelaide 656.8 24.5 3.9 35 48 15 20 32 29 34 5.1
Barossa - Yorke - Mid North 49.7 -0.2 -0.4 36 45 13 30 10 41 42 2.9
South Australia - Outback 41.7 3.3 8.5 33 46 13 27 18 33 38 2.6
South Australia - South East 93.2 7.2 8.3 36 46 17 23 16 34 43 3.3
South Australia1 843.7 45.8 5.7 35 47 15 21 28 31 36 4.5
Australia 12,694.8 1,242.5 10.8 32 47 15 19 32 31 32 7.1

1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Education and Work; Department of Jobs and Small Business, Employment Projections; Department of Treasury and Finance, South Australia

For more information see lmip.gov.au