South Australia is a small employing state (805,300 workers) which has experienced subdued labour market conditions over recent years. Employment rose by 2,500 or 0.3% over the five years to November 2015, significantly below the national average (6.4%). Growth over the past year, however, has shown some recovery (up by 0.6% or 5,100), although it still remains well below the national average (2.5%).
Female employment has risen over the past five years (up by 8,000 or 2.2%), offsetting a fall in male employment (down by 5,500 or 1.3%). Around 47% of workers in South Australia are female.
Employment is projected to increase by 5.1% over the next five years, below the national average rate (8.3%).
Over the five years to November 2015, new jobs were created in eight of the 19 industries. Health Care and Social Assistance contributed the most new jobs (up by 10,800), followed by Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (9,200) and Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (by contrast with job losses in this industry nationally) and Transport, Postal and Warehousing (each adding 6,900).
There were significant job losses in Construction (down by 8,900) and Manufacturing (5,200). These industries, though, continue to offer large numbers of jobs in this state. Together, they account for 17% of employment.
Workers in South Australia are more likely to be employed part-time (34%) than workers nationally (31%).
A relatively large proportion of the workforce is aged 45 years and over (42% compared with the Australian average of 39%), although young workers (15 to 24 years) account for 16% of employment, in line with the national average.
Fewer workers in this state have a bachelor degree or higher qualification (27%) compared with the national average (31%), although the proportion who hold a certificate III or higher vocational education and training (VET) qualification is the same as the national average.
Educational attainment, South Australia (% of workforce)
Age profile, South Australia (% of workforce)
Employment projections by region, South Australia, five years to November 2020 (% change)
Employment by industry, South Australia
|Employ’t Nov 2015||Share of total||5 year change to Nov 2015|
|Accommodation and Food Services||59.5||7||-1.2||-1.9|
|Administrative and Support Services||28.2||4||-2.4||-7.9|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||39.4||5||6.9||21.2|
|Arts and Recreation Services||12.1||2||-0.4||-2.9|
|Education and Training||60.2||7||-0.6||-0.9|
|Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services||11.1||1||-0.3||-2.3|
|Financial and Insurance Services||23.1||3||-0.4||-1.8|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||118.7||15||10.8||10.0|
|Information Media and Telecommunications||12.1||2||-2.6||-17.6|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Services||54.3||7||9.2||20.5|
|Public Administration and Safety||57.0||7||3.7||6.9|
|Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services||10.2||1||-3.1||-23.2|
|Transport, Postal and Warehousing||40.5||5||6.9||20.7|
Employment by region, South Australia
|Employment||Employment Profile||Projected Employment|
|Employ’t Nov 2015||Share of state total||5 year change to Nov 2015||Part-time||Female||5 year change to Nov 2020|
|Barossa - Yorke - Mid North||51.9||6||2.6||5.2||34||46||1.1||2.3|
|South Australia - Outback||42.8||5||5.2||14.0||26||40||-0.3||-0.7|
|South Australia - South East||81.2||10||-3.7||-4.4||34||49||2.6||3.0|
1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add
Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Education and Work; Department of Employment, Regional Employment Projections
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