In which industries do Australians work?
There are 19 broad industries. The four largest, collectively, account for around 40% of employment. They are
- Health Care and Social Assistance (1,523,000)
- Retail Trade (1,267,400)
- Construction (1,046,900)
- Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (1,023,300).
Which industries have grown/declined?
Over the five years to November 2015, employment increased in 15 of the 19 industries. The largest numbers of new jobs were created in
- Health Care and Social Assistance (up by 256,600)
- Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (173,000)
- Education and Training (88,100).
Four industries recorded a fall in employment (although some subsectors within these had jobs growth)
- Manufacturing (down by 117,700)
- Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (38,800)
- Wholesale Trade (13,500)
- Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services (8,900).
In which industries do young people work?
Young people (15 to 24 years) work in all industries, but those with the largest numbers of young workers are
- Retail Trade (more than 410,000)
- Accommodation and Food Services (more than 360,000)
- Construction (more than 170,000).
Where do females work?
Although women are employed in every industry, there is a marked variation in gender profiles across industries. There are larger numbers of women employed in Health Care and Social Assistance (79% of workers are female) and Education and Training (70%) than men. In Construction, though, men significantly outnumber women (who have just 11% of jobs).
Industries with large numbers of female workers are
- Health Care and Social Assistance (around 1.2 million)
- Retail Trade (close to 700,000)
- Education and Training (more than 650,000).
Share of total new jobs, five years to November 2015 (%)
Employment by industry
|Employment||Employment Profile||Projected Employment|
|Employ’t Nov 2015||Share of total||5 year change to Nov 2015||Part-time||Female||Aged 15 to 24 years||Aged 45 years and over||Regional||5 year change to Nov 2020|
|Accommodation and Food Services||824.1||7||64.5||8.5||58||54||44||21||36||98.8||12.0|
|Administrative and Support Services||418.5||4||29.8||7.7||41||50||11||41||29||32.6||7.8|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||305.6||3||-38.8||-11.3||27||32||9||58||84||-9.4||-3.1|
|Arts and Recreation Services||227.7||2||31.5||16.0||46||46||25||31||28||24.5||10.8|
|Education and Training||938.0||8||88.1||10.4||39||70||9||47||32||121.7||13.0|
|Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services||139.6||1||-8.9||-6.0||9||22||6||44||36||0.8||0.6|
|Financial and Insurance Services||440.2||4||49.4||12.6||17||51||7||33||14||37.4||8.5|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||1,523.0||13||256.6||20.3||45||79||10||46||34||250.2||16.4|
|Information Media and Telecommunications||219.8||2||7.1||3.3||21||43||12||31||15||8.8||4.0|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Services||1,023.3||9||173.0||20.3||22||41||10||36||18||151.2||14.8|
|Public Administration and Safety||735.2||6||38.6||5.5||19||49||6||46||32||51.2||7.0|
|Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services||216.8||2||10.8||5.2||25||50||11||43||29||25.8||11.9|
|Transport, Postal and Warehousing||611.2||5||35.1||6.1||20||23||7||51||29||52.2||8.5|
1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add
Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); Department of Employment, Industry Employment Projections