Occupation Outlook

Which occupation groups will have the most new jobs over the next five years?

More than one third of new employment is expected to be for Professionals (up by 325,800, or 10.9%). With the strong growth expected in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry and the increasing importance of computing and technology, it is not surprising that Health Professionals (up 16.3%, or 99,400 new jobs) and ICT Professionals (16.0%, or 44,000) are projected to have particularly strong growth.

The Health Care and Social Assistance industry is also driving the employment growth of Community and Personal Service Workers, which is projected to provide around one quarter of new jobs in the next five years. Within this occupation group, there is projected to be a significant number of new jobs for Carers and Aides (up by 129,100, or 23.6%). Hospitality Workers are projected to contribute the next largest number of new jobs in this group (40,100).

Projected employment growth, occupation share (% of total new jobs)*

Community and Personal Service Workers26
Technicians and Trades Workers11
Sales Workers3
Machinery Operators and Drivers4

* These shares are calculated on the total new jobs projected to be created over the five years to May 2023. They exclude the projected fall for Clerical and Administrative Workers.

The chart below provides more disaggregated information about where the new jobs will be. It shows the breadth of opportunities likely to be created for Professionals and Community and Personal Service Workers.

Largest projected employment gains by subgroup ('000)

Carers and Aides129.1
Health Professionals99.4
Specialist Managers81.7
Business, Human Resource and Marketing Professionals57.0
Education Professionals52.9
ICT Professionals44.0
Hospitality Workers40.1
Design, Engineering, Science and Transport Professionals34.7
Legal, Social and Welfare Professionals33.2
Sports and Personal Service Workers31.9

Occupations projected to add the largest numbers of new jobs over the five years to May 2023

Occupations projected to add the largest numbers of new jobs over the five years to May 2023
Occupation Projected growth
Aged and Disabled Carers 69,200
Registered Nurses 51,400
Child Carers 27,600
Software and Applications Programmers 25,500
Waiters 21,800
Education Aides 18,800
Chefs 16,800
Primary School Teachers 16,300
Kitchenhands 16,100
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers 14,300

Which occupations will decline over the next five years?

Clerical and Administrative Workers is the only occupation group in which employment is projected to decline. The chart below shows the five occupation subgroups in which employment is projected to fall over the five years to May 2023.

Projected employment falls by subgroup ('000)

Personal Assistants and Secretaries-19.4
Office Managers and Program Administrators-12.6
Machine and Stationary Plant Operators-5.8
Farmers and Farm Managers-4.5
Clerical and Office Support Workers-1

Declines in the employment of Personal Assistants and Secretaries, and of Office Managers and Program Administrators, are expected to drive the overall decline in Clerical and Administrative Workers. The decline in the Agriculture employment (see Industry Outlook) is expected to lead to falling employment for Farmers and Farm Managers.

Will there be opportunities for young people?

Young people do not form a large part of the Professionals workforce, given the long lead training times that are often required for these occupations. Around a quarter of Community and Personal Services Workers, however, are aged 15 to 24 years, and young people are well represented in growing occupation subgroups such as Hospitality Workers (where they form 57% of the workforce) and Sports and Personal Service Workers (29%).

Are post-school qualifications required to work in a growing occupation?

Most of the projected jobs growth over the five years to May 2023 is in the more highly skilled occupation groups (Managers, Professionals, Technicians and Trades Workers and Community and Personal Service Workers). Jobs in these groups often require post-school qualifications attained through vocational educational and training or higher education (see Jobs and Training).

Post-school qualifications are generally beneficial in terms of getting a job, although there will continue to be opportunities for those who have not completed post-school study (see Education and Employment).

Sources: Department of Jobs and Small Business, Occupation Employment Projections; ABS, Labour Force (annual averages of original data)

For more information see lmip.gov.au