Welcome to the 2019 edition of Australian Jobs. This publication provides an overview of trends in the Australian labour market to support job seekers and providers, career advisers, those considering future training and work and people interested in labour market issues.

How to use Australian Jobs

Australian Jobs allows users to explore a wide range of factors. For example, if you are thinking of a career in a particular industry you may want to look at the range of employing occupations, the main training pathways, the location of jobs and future employment prospects. It can also be used to recognise the value of higher levels of education and training, the competitive nature of the labour market and how to be a successful job applicant. 

The forward looking information in this report provides some guidance about which industries and occupations are likely to have the strongest employment growth. Sometimes, though, even in occupations that are in high demand, applicants can face significant competition for vacancies. Conversely, employers sometimes have difficulty recruiting for occupations which are not growing very much or are even in decline. 

It is important to remember that the labour market can change quickly. It isn’t easy to forecast future labour market conditions and it isn’t advisable to base employment and training decisions solely on predicted shortages. It is better to train in an area in which you have an interest and aptitude than to choose a career solely based on expectations about future conditions.

Employers often require staff who have relevant work experience, regardless of the skill level of the job. It can be hard to gain experience to develop and demonstrate employability skills, but the ideas provided in the Job search and skills section of Australian Jobs can help. 

For some occupations, starting your own business may be the best option. Advice on self-employment is provided.

More detailed information is available

The analysis in this publication provides an introduction to and overview of some of the factors which can be considered in understanding employment conditions and trends.

Links to websites that offer additional information are also provided, including

More information about the assistance available is provided on the Useful Websites and Links page and on the Department's website (

Inquiries about Australian Jobs should be directed to

The contents of Australian Jobs 2019 are based on information available at the time of publication. Over time, the reliability of the data and analysis may diminish. The Commonwealth, its officers, employees and agents do not accept responsibility for any inaccuracies contained in the report or for any negligence in the compilation of the report and disclaim liability for any loss suffered by any person arising from the use of this report. Labour market information must be used cautiously as employment prospects can change over time and vary by region. It is important in making and assessing career choices to consider all factors, including interest and aptitudes, remuneration and expectations, and the requirements of occupations.