Data Sources

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)

  • Labour Force, Australia, January 2016
  • Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, November 2015
  • Characteristics of Employment, Australia, August 2014
  • Education and Work, May 2015
  • Labour Mobility, Australia, February 2013
  • Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations
  • Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification

Employment data at the national and state level are trend (where available). All other data are annual averages of original data.

Employment data at the regional level are 12 month averages of original data.

  • Because of the different bases for these data, state and regional employment and employment change figures are not comparable.

Youth disengagement refers to the proportion of youth (aged 15 to 24 years) who are not in employment (either part-time or full-time) and/or not attending full-time education.

Employment data for industries and occupations are Department of Employment trend of ABS data (where available). All other data are annual averages of original data.

For many small occupations, standard errors are large and employment data may exhibit considerable variation and should be used with caution.

For consistency across data sets, employment is ‘total’ and includes full-time and part-time workers of all ages.

Regional areas are defined as those outside Greater Sydney, Greater Melbourne, Greater Brisbane, Greater Adelaide, Greater Perth, Hobart, Darwin and the Australian Capital Territory.

‘Share of total’ proportions are calculated from more detailed data, results obtained by manually calculating may not match what is included in this publication. Similarly, due to rounding, totals may not add to 100%.

Some data are from customised tables produced for the Department of Employment.

Educational attainment charts

Educational attainment data relate to the employed working age population (15 to 64 years).

No post-school qualifications figures are for employed persons who have not completed any tertiary education (that is, university or vocational education and training).

The ‘other’ figure includes - vocational education and training certificate I, II and not further defined; no educational attainment; and educational attainment level not determined.

Department of Education and Training

  • Higher Education Student Data Collections

Higher education data are for domestic student enrolments in universities.

Department of Employment

More detailed occupational information is available at

Graduate Careers Australia

  • GradStats, 2015
  • Graduate Destinations
  • Graduate Salaries

Graduate destinations data are from customised tables produced for the Department of Employment.

Bachelor and masters degree employment outcomes are for all domestic graduates four months after completing their degree.

These figures differ from the publicly released data, which refer to graduates who found full-time employment as a proportion of those available for full-time work.

Salary data refer to median starting salaries for domestic bachelor degree graduates in their first full-time employment and aged less than 25 years.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research

  • Apprentices and Trainees, 2014
  • Government-Funded Students and Courses, 2015
  • Government-Funded Student Outcomes, various issues
  • Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth, Paper 2761
  • VOCSTATS, tables generated February 2016

Vocational education and training graduate employment outcomes data are for all domestic graduates six months after completing their training.


CSIRO, Tomorrow’s Digitally Enabled Workforce

ACCI and BCA, Employability Skills for the Future